Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) Mechanical Engineering Top Colleges, Eligibility, Syllabus, Salary and Scope

Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) Mechanical Engineering Top Colleges, Eligibility, Syllabus, Salary and Scope
B.Tech Mechanical Engineering

What is B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering?

  • Mechanical Engineering is one of the oldest and widest fields of engineering, Mechanical engineering is related with the design, construction, and use of machines. The course provides the students with the basic understanding and knowledge of how is the working of heavy tools and machineries. A student who are studying a mechanical engineering course programme they will acquire knowledge about designing of automobiles, electric motors, aircrafts and other heavy vehicles.
  • Mechanical engineers will design  from new batteries, athletic products to medical devices and from personal computers, air conditioners, automobile engines to electric power plants and everything else. These engineers also design machines that produce all the above said innovations.
  • The scope of mechanical engineering in India and abroad is very high for every aspect of our lives are touched and felt by mechanical engineering in one way or the other. Since there are multiple industries, the career opportunities for students who are studying this course is huge.
  • In India, Mechanical engineering is offered by various colleges in India at the UG as well PG level where students are awarded BTech and MTech degree respectively.

     The most increasing scope of this specific field of job profile is that now they are need of professionals to join into financial and marketing aspects of product development and even into people and resource management. From all of those mechanical engineering offers a broad and wide variety of job options to students who are looking for a stable and stimulating career.

Skills Required for Mechanical Engineering candidates

Problem Solving

A huge part of a mechanical engineer’s job is to solve the problems using mechanical or thermal devices. Mechanical engineers need to be strong always and should be analytical thinkers who are capable of solving problems which are provided to them by clients or employers.

  • Analytical Thinking
  • Analyze Test Results and Adjust it if there is a need
  • Develop and Test Prototypes
  • Design Mechanical Device Projects
  • Detail Oriented
  • Develop Design Calculations
  • Ensure Designs Meet and Guidelines and Safety Requirements
  • Identify Potential Design Improvements
  • Knowledgeable of Machining and Fabrication Process
  • Perform Equipment and System Calculations
  • Product Validation Experience
  • Provide Cost Estimates for Materials, labour/Equipments
  • Research Materials for Future Design and Usage
  • Sound Knowledge of Engineering Fundamentals
  • Test Building Materials
  • Troubleshoot Equipment to Solve Problems
  • Work to Improve and Maintain Existing Products


Mechanical engineering course of study involves developing and designing products, which starts from batteries to electric generators to medical devices. Inventing new type of products involves a lot of creativity, as does to make it sure that how to provide projects home within challenging timeframes.

  • 3D (Computer Aided Design) CAD
  • Complete the said Tasks Within Time Period and Cost Restraints
  • Convert Basic Design Information and Requirements.
  • Create Blueprints Using CAD (Computer Aided Design)
  • Develop Project Scope and Timeline
  • Drafting Standards and Geometric, Dimension, & Tolerancing.
  • Prepare Designs and Estimates

Communication and Leadership

Most often, mechanical engineers will develop a new product for a client. They will have to explain in detail about the complex machines or devices to people who will not have any knowledge with mechanical engineering. They should be able to explain their ideas clearly and effectively in which they understand, and this needs a strong communication skills. They also frequently establish their communication talents to make up with the lead of mechanical design and manufacturing projects.

  • Clearly Explain Design Ideas
  • Comfortable Writing Technical Reports
  • Make Regular Site Visits
  • Manage and Monitor Each Stage of Project
  • Oversee Project Manufacturing Process
  • Prepare Conclusion and Analysis Reports
  • Read and Interpret Drawings and Specifications
  • Recommend Modifications for Design Improvements and Simplification
  • Strong Presenter
  • Make use of Notes, Sketches, and Verbal Instructions to done with Project Design
  • Write and Maintain Operating Procedures and Standards


Mechanical engineering involves lots of teamwork. Engineers will often work as a team to invent new technologies and solve problems. They may also work with people who are not mechanical engineers, such as they might be computer scientists or architects. Therefore, they should to be able to work with a whole and different diverse teams of people to solve problems.

  • Assemble Project Deliverables
  • Assist with Field and Manufacturing Problems
  • Assist with Shipping of Equipment
  •  Prior to Deployment
  • Very active and Willing to Take  New Challenges
  • Work Effectively Under Pressure

Math and Computer

Mechanical engineers need to be very effective and comfortable using math to solve problems. The math skills which are required in mechanical engineering that include calculus and statistics. They must be exact procedures in applying these skills to analyze problems and design solutions.

  • AutoCAD
  • Automated Model Programming
  • CAD (Computer Aided Design)
  • Engineering Product Data Management Software (EPDM)
  • Microsoft Office Suite Experience
  • Pro-E CREO Computer Aided Design Software
  • Make it clear to understand with the Diagrams, Drafts, Flow-Charts, and Other Information and Documentation
  • Make use of Software to Design with Industry and Government Standards

More Mechanical Engineer Skills                      

  • Ability to Clarify and Paraphrase
  • Computer Science
  • Compliance
  • Inductive Reasoning
  • Deductive Reasoning
  • Design
  • Environmental Awareness
  • Written Communication
  • Verbal Communication
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Independent Thinking
  • Investigation
  • Ongoing Improvement
  • Organization
  • Project Management
  • Strategic Planning
  • Statistics
  • Data Analysis
  • Structural Analysis
  • Causal Relationships
  • Collaboration
  • Diagnostic
  • Evaluating
  • Integration
  • Judgment
  • Optimization
  • Policy

B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering: Top Colleges in India

Govt. Funded Colleges for B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering

  • Government College of Engineering, Salem
  • Government College of Technology, Coimbatore
  • Government College of Engineering, Thirunelveli
  • Government College of Engineering, Bargur
  • Thanthai Periyar Government Institute of Technology,Vellore
  • Jalpaiguri Government Engineering College, Jalpaiguri
  • Government Engineering College, Imphal
  • Government Engineering College, Satara
  • Government Engineering College, Aurangabad
  • Government Engineering College, Jabalpur
  • Government Engineering College, Jagdalpur
  • Government Engineering College, Jodhpur
  • Government College of Engineering & Technology, Raipur
  • Guru Ghasidas University Government College ofEngineering
  • APS University Government College of Engineering
  • Indira Gandhi Government Engineering College
  • Government Engineering College, Kottayam
  • Government Engineering College, Trichur
  • Kannur University Government College of Engineering,Kannur
  • Government BTP College of Engineering, Devangere
  • Government Engineering College, Modasa
  • Government Engineering College, Gandhinagar
  • Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology
  • Indian Institute of Technology, RoorkeeIndian Institute of Technology, Mumba
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Bhubaneswar
  • College of Engineering, Pune

Pivate Colleges for B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering

  • IIIT Hyderabad
  • JECRC University, Jaipur
  • Dhirubhai Ambani IICT, Gandhinagar
  • Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
  • Birla Institute of Technology
  • BIT Mesra, Ranchi
  • PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore

B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering: Course Highlights

These are some of the major highlights of the course:

Course Level Undergraduate
Duration 4 years
Examination Type Semester type
Eligibility 10+2
Admission Process Merit-based or Entrance-based
Top recruiting organizations  Toshiba, Reliance Industries, Tata Motors etc.,
Top recruiting areas Aeronautical industry, Chemical industry, Automobile industry, Electronics industry, Construction firPower plants, Textile industry
Top job profiles Mechanical engineer, Service Engineer, Consultant, Instructional designer,Design Engineer
Course Fee INR 20,000 to 15 lakhs
Average Starting Salary INR 5 to 10 lakhs

Course curriculum for Mechanical Engineering

Semester 1 Semester 2
Chemistry Modern Biology
Electrical Sciences Introduction to Computing
Mathematics – I Mathematics – II
Physics – I Engineering Mechanics
Chemistry Laboratory Physics – II
Workshop /Physics Laboratory Computing Laboratory
Engineering Drawing Basic Electronics Laboratory
Physical Training – I Physics Laboratory/Workshop
[NCC/NSO/NSS] Physical Training – II
Semester 3 Semester 4
Mathematics-III Fluid Mechanics – I
Thermodynamics Manufacturing Technology – I
Solid Mechanics – I Solid Mechanics – II
Engineering Materials Kinematics of Machinery
HSS Elective – I HSS Elective  – II
Machine Drawing Workshop  – II
Physical Training – III Mechanical Lab – I
NCC/NSO/NSS Physical Training – IV
Semester V Semester VI
Fluid Mechanics – II Applied Thermodynamics – I
Manufacturing Technology – II Machine Design
Dynamics of Machinery Mechanical Measurements
Design of Machine Elements Heat and Mass Transfer
Electrical Machines Control Systems
HSS Elective – III Mechanical Lab – III
Mechanical Lab –  II
Semester VII Semester VIII
Summer Training (PP/NP) Industrial Engineering and Operation Research
Applied Thermodynamics – II Dept Elective –  III
Dept Elective – I Dept Elective – IV
Dept Elective – II HSS Elective – IV
Open Elective – I Project- II
Mechanical Lab IV
Project- I

May vary accordingly in various institutions

B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering: Duration

It is a 4 years  Undergraduate(UG) level Degree program. The duration of 4 years is divided into 8 semesters, every semester lasts a period of 6 months. During each of the semesters, students will have to persue separate sets of theoretical subjects as well as practical lab sessions and also workshops. Workshops form an integral and main part of B.E./B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering course of study, which helps students gain hand full of experience.

B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering: Eligibility Criteria

  • Completion of 10+2 Science stream students, with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as a mandatory subjects, who have been passed out 12th board examination from a recognized board, are eligible to study this course of study. Minimum marks criteria varies in  many of the Institutes/colleges which usually varies between 40-50% marks.
  • Students  who has also appeared for State level entrance exam will have to be considered as eligible to apply for admission in Colleges, when it comes to B.E./B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering.

Core Course Subjects in Mechanical Engineering

Given below are some of the core subjects of mechanical engineering which are taught in most of the engineering colleges in India. By the way this is not the complete list of subjects, it may vary from institute to institute

  • Strength of Materials
  • Thermodynamics
  • Manufacturing Process
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Machine Design
  • Heat and Mass Transfer
  • Theory of Machines
  • IC Engines
  • Automobile Engineering
  • Power Plant Engineering
  • Refrigeration and Air Conditioning

Career Options after Mechanical Engineering

  • Aerospace engineer
  • Automotive engineer
  • CAD technician
  • Contracting civil engineer
  • Control and instrumentation engineer
  • Maintenance engineer
  • Mechanical engineer
  • Nuclear engineer

Jobs where your degree would be useful include:

  • Acoustic consultant
  • Clinical technologist
  • Corporate investment banker
  • Land-based engineer
  • Mining engineer
  • Patent attorney
  • Production manager
  • Technical sales engineer
  • Water engineer

B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering: Admission Process

There are about 4300 engineering colleges in India. Admission in the most of the engineering colleges is done through one of the several entrance examination conducted at national and state level. Few of the private institutes also conduct their own entrance test. Moreover, few of the institutes also provide direct admission on the basis of merit in qualifying exam or on the basis of management seats.

10+2 passed out with (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics) is the basic requirement to make an admission in  BE/B.Tech Mechanical Engineering course. The pass Percentage required in qualifying exam is around 50% for most of the engineering institutes. For few of the top prestigious and famous institutes like IITs, NITs or BITS the minimum pass percentage criteria extends to 60%.

These are the criteria for admission through different modes:

Direct Admission- Engineering institutes/colleges which deliver direct admission have certain rules for admission. Either they provide admission on the basis of merit in qualifying exam i.e. 10+2 passes out or equivalent or there are few of the management seats reserved in private engineering colleges. For management seats the fee structure is generally more than others.

Entrance Examination for B.Tech Mechanical Engineering

 There are so many entrance exams in India at national and state level. Few of the private institutes like SRM University, BITS Pilani, VIT University etc conduct their own entrance exams. Few of the main national level and state level engineering entrance exams given are below,

  • JEEMain                                                                     
  • JEE Advanced

Top Recruiters, Job Profiles & Salary of Mechanical Engineering Graduates

  • Bharat Earth Movers,
  • Hindustan Unilever, Alstom,
  • Ashok Leyland,
  • Caterpillar India,
  • Chrysler,
  • Coromandel,
  • Foster Wheeler,
  • General Motors,
  • Honda Scooters,
  • L&T, Mahindra & Mahindra,
  • Maruti Suzuki,
  • Robert Bosch Tata Technologies,
  • TCE, Tech Mahindra,
  • TVS, Voltas,
  • Wipro,
  • Royal Enfield Saint Gobain and Whirlpool

Mechanical Engineering career has a high scope. It is rightly called evergreen field as it is the only branch of engineering which is immune to the impact. Starting salaries for mechanical engineers, and for those on graduate training schemes, are in the range of £23,000 to £28,000.

  • With experience this can increase to between £26,000 and £40,000. At a mid-level for lead or principle engineers, salaries are around £30,000 to £50,000.
  • When you reach a senior level of engineers, such as chief engineer, and so on the salaries of £40,000 to £60,000+ can be achieved.

Salaries vary from company to company and few of the sectors attract higher salaries, according to demand.

Top 50 Colleges offering B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering in India

Top Colleges offering B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering in Mumbai

  • Indian Institute of Technology Bombay.
  • Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai.
  • Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute
  • KJ Somaiya College of Engineering, Mumbai.
  • Mukesh Patel School of Technology Management

Top Colleges offering B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering in Delhi

  • IIT Delhi – Indian Institute of Technology
  • Jamia Millia Islamia
  • Delhi Technological University .
  • Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology.
  • Guru Gobind Institute of Technology.

Top Colleges offering B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering  in Bangalore

  • AMC Engineering College
  • Brindavan College of Engineering.
  • New Horizon College of Engineering.
  • Bearys Institute of Technology. CMR University.
  • Don Bosco Institute of Technology.
  • National Institute of Technology.

Top Colleges offering B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering in Chennai

  • Indian Institute of Technology Madras.
  • College of Engineering, Guindy.
  • Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai.
  • Madras Institute of Technology, Chennai.
  • St. Joseph’s College of Engineering, Chennai.
  • Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Chennai.

Top Colleges offering B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering in Hyderabad

  • Indian Institute Of Information Technology.
  • Narayan College Of Engineering.
  • Mvs Engineering College.
  • Osmania University.
  • Vardhaman College Of Engineering.
  • Vasavi College Of Engineering.

Top Colleges offering B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering in Ahmedabad

  • LD College of Engineering, Ahmedabad
  • Nirma University, Ahmedabad.
  • Vishwakarma Government Engineering College, Ahmedabad.
  • Government Polytechnic, Ahmedabad.
  • Institute of Infrastructure Technology Research.

Top Colleges offering B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering in Kolkata

  • Jadavpur University, Kolkata.
  • Heritage Institute of Technology, Kolkata.
  • Techno India University, Kolkata.
  • Kalyani Government Engineering College
  • Institute of Engineering and Management, Kolkata.

Top Colleges offering B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering in Jaipur

  • Ram Chandra Khaitan Polytechnic College
  • Swami Keshvanand Institute of Technology
  • Manipal University 
  • Gupta Institute of Engineering and Technology.
  • Poornima Group of Institutions

Top Colleges offering B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering in Vishakapatnam

  • Anil Neerukonda Institute of Technology And Sciences
  • Gayatri Vidya Parishad College of Engineering 
  • Avanthi Institute of Engineering & Technology (AIET)
  • Vignan’s Institute of Information Technology (VIIT)
  • Andra University College of Engineering

Top Colleges offering B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering in Coimbatore

  • PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore.
  • Amrita School of Engineering, Coimbatore.
  • Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore.
  • Government College of Technology, Coimbatore.
  • Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences.
  • Coimbatore Institute of Technology

Top Colleges offering B.Tech. Mechanical Engineering in Cochin

  • Model Engineering College
  • School of Engineering
  • Cochin University of Science and Technology
  • Rajagiri School of Engineering and Technology
  • Albertian Institute of Science and Technology
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